Master of Arts – Christian and Classical Studies | Knox Theological Seminary

Master of Arts: Christian and Classical Studies


The Master of Arts (Christian & Classical Studies) is an academic degree program designed for Christian and classical school teachers, home-school parents and teachers, lay leaders, and pastors who desire to enter into the Great Conversation of the Western Tradition. This curriculum is indispensable for those who seek to further appreciate how God has used the sharpest minds and noblest ideas of the past 2,500 years as windows into timeless Gospel truth.


Topics covered include:

  • Four of the classic literary genres: Epic, Tragic, Comic, and Lyric literature ranging from the ancient Greeks up to modern times.
  • Classic Ideas: Many of the most influential ideas and developments in the Western Tradition including understandings of culture, philosophy, and science.
  • Historical Perspective: The history of the Christian Church from the time of the apostles up to modern times.
  • Pedagogical Practices: A philosophy of Christian education.


Learning Outcomes

A graduate of the MACCS program will be able to:

  • Critically and thoughtfully engage with the greatest ideas and classic texts of the Western literary tradition.

  • Articulate the development of Christian thought based on careful readings of primary and secondary texts of the Christian tradition.

  • Faithfully relate the wisdom of the Christian and Classical traditions to contemporary culture.

  • Articulate the Gospel message of salvation by grace through faith in Christ alone.

  • Explain the inspiration and authority of all of Scripture and its relationship to the Gospel.

  • Articulate the relationship of the Gospel to sanctification in the life of the believer.


A select list of works that will be read and discussed:

    • The Holy Bible
    • Homer Iliad
    • Pindar Odes
    • Aristophanes Clouds, Frogs, Birds
    • Aeschylus The Oresteia
    • Sophocles Theban Trilogy
    • Plato The Republic, Apology of Socrates, Symposium
    • Aristotle Nichomachean Ethics, Politics, Rhetoric, Poetics (selections)
    • Plautus Bacchides
    • Virgil Aeneid
    • Augustine City of God and Confessions (selections)
    • Beowulf
    • Song of Roland
    • Aquinas Summa Theologiae (selections)
    • Chaucer Canterbury Tales (selections)
    • Dante The Divine Comedy
    • Shakespeare Macbeth, King Lear, Taming of the Shrew, Merchant of Venice, Sonnets
    • Cervantes Don Quixote
    • Milton Paradise Lost (selections)
    • David Hume and John Locke (select writings)
    • Austen Pride and Predjudice
    • Bronte Jane Eyre
    • Wordsworth, Byron, Coleridge, Bronte (select poems)
    • Melville Moby-Dick
    • Tolkien The Hobbit, Lord of the Rings (selections)
    • Steinbeck East of Eden (selections)
    • Hemingway The Old Man and the Sea 
    • Wendell Berry, This Day
    • And much, more more!

Program Requirements


CC502 Classic Epic Literature 3 Credit Hours
CC504 Classic Tragic Literature 3 Credit Hours
CC506 Classic Comic Literature 3 Credit Hours
CC508 Classic Lyric Literature 3 Credit Hours
CC602 History of Science 3 Credit Hours
CC604 Philosophical Foundations 3 Credit Hours
CC606 Pedagogical Practices 3 Credit Hours
CC608 Classic Arts and Culture 3 Credit Hours



CH502 History of Christianity 1 — Ancient and Medieval 3 Credit Hours
CH504 History of Christianity 2 — Reformation to Modern Era 3 Credit Hours




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Student Testimonials


The MACCS program at Knox Theological Seminary provided me with the content and confidence to step seamlessly into my new roles this fall as a professor of Rhetoric at Patrick Henry College, and as Academic Dean and teacher of high school Great Books at Loudoun Classical School. My MACCS degree from Knox proved the perfect capstone to my own learning, and far beyond that, the perfect preparation for what the Lord had planned for me in my new responsibilities. I cannot recommend this program highly enough to anyone involved in Christian classical education, and to anyone seeking a life well-read.

Billy Henderson

As the headmaster of Mars Hill Academy, I needed help in catching up with the amazing staff of teachers that God had provided for the school. The Knox MACCS was the perfect fit. I am now able to work with our teachers in perfecting our own canon of books and ideas. The Knox lectures, relationship with professors, assignments and interaction with fellow students all get five stars.